Chipewyan Indians

The Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians

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According to 1832s Edinburgh Encyclopedia, the Chipewyan are Algonquian or Ojibway. From the Great Lakes region, Ojibway leaders sent detachments of their soldiers to Hudson Bay. They did so to fight the white invaders and their Eskimo allies. This happened either in the 16th century or 17th century. After reaching Hudson Bay they continued north to Beaufort Sea. These Ojibway People gave rise to the Chipewyan Tribes in the far north including the Dogrib, Slavey and Yellowknifes. Their territory extended north of Nelson River (aka Saskatchewan River) in Manitoba, to Beaufort Sea and west to the McKenzie River. Hudson Bay was their eastern boundary. On the south, their territory extended to Saskatchewan River or just north of Saskatchewan River. A small area in northern Alberta was included as their territory. A small area in northeastern British Columbia was also a part of their territory. It was reported by Hudson Bay Company that between 5,000 and 6,000 Chipewyan People had been killed in battles against the Eskimos and their white allies, between 1685 and 1715. Chipewyan Soldiers guarded the main waterways along Beaufort Sea against Eskimo invaders. That be between McKenzie River and the northwest portion of Hudson Bay. They tended to live much further south closer to the tree line yet many did live throughout the Barren Lands of Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Large herds of caribou provided them with food. They also fished the incredible numbers of lakes in that region. Through trade contact wild rice, other food, firewood and other necessities were sent to them by Ojibway People who lived much further to the south.