|Crow Reservation Facts||
It defined the territory of the Crow People. Their territory extended well into northern and central Wyoming and southern and south central Montana. The Fort Laramaie Treaty of September 17, 1851, only described the territory of the Crow People. It did not establish a Reservation for them. During those times (1851) Ojibway Territory extended over 500 miles from the Minnesota-South Dakota border, into central Montana and central Wyoming. That's according to a letter wriiten in 1849 by Father Belcourt to Major Woords.
It established the Crow Reservation. However, it was within Ojibway Territory. It covered over 8 million acres or around 12,500 sq. mi. It was located in southern Montana adjacent to the Wyoming border. On October 20, 1875, a land addition was added to Crow Reservation. It was located north of the Yellowstone River from the northeast end of the Reservation to 20 or so miles northwest of Big Timber, Montana. What is now Billings, Montana was within the land addition. It took the United States less than a year to put the land addition into Public Domain or withdrew it from Crow Reservation. Supposedly the June 25, 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn or Custers Last Stand was fought within Crow Reservation. That isn't true. Why? It was fought within an Indian Reservation. Custer was ordered to force Indians on to Reservations.
This one is very suspicious. Indian leaders knew from instinct to demand that land considered worthless by whites be set aside to be Reservations. The land area supposedly ceded by the June 12, 1880 Treaty is almost entirely mountainous. It had little land looked upon by whites as being attractive for farms. Montana's tallest mountains are located within this land area. That includes Montana's tallest mountain which is Granite Peak which has an elevation of 12,807 feet about sea level. This June 12, 1880 Treaty is fraudulent or did not happen. Indian leaders did not ratify this June 12, 1880 Treaty or Agreement. They knew better. On April 11, 1882 the United States confirmed the June 12, 1880 Treaty or Agreement. However, as mentioned, Indian leaders rejected the land cession. They did not ratify the June 12, 1880 Treaty or Agreement.
This treaty is invalid. Chief Rocky Boy (they'll tell you chief Plenty Coups) refused to cede the land requested for by the United States. What followed was fraudulent. Negotiations were held in 1890 yet chief Rocky Boy told them to go. He didn't want anything to do with the Indians living in the central and eastern (Little Bighorn River region) part of the Reservation. This March 3, 1891 Treaty or Agreement may have actually dealt with the land areas 398 and 399 in the original Blackfeet Reservation. Ojibway leaders did not cede the land areas with the numbers 398 and 399. On August 16, 1873 the Judith Basin Reservation was set aside for the River Crow yet according to American reports, the River Crow refused to move to the Reservation about 30 miles east of Great Falls. Arrow Creek is also known as Bighorn River. It's located about 65 miles east of Great Falls. Judith River is about 75 miles east of Great Falls. These are the Indians chief Rocky Boy wanted nothing to do with. Chief Rocky Boy was more at home near Great Falls and to the west and south.
This land cession is extremely corrupted. Chief Plenty Coups was put in charge by the United States. He had money on his mind. Supposedly in 1890, he told the United States he refused to cede any more land and told them to go. That was really chief Rocky Boy. In August of 1899, he told the Americans he wanted back money from 1890. Proof he was fraudulently ceding the land area with the number 399 or where the Judith Basin Reservation was. Chief Rocky Boy knew what was going on. He was not only concerned for the Ojibway People living at Crow Reservation yet also the Ojibway People living throughout the land area number 399 of the original Blackfeet Reservation. Chief Plently Coups was paid far more than $10,000. He was probably paid $100,000s or even more money, to sign the fraudulent treaty or agreement of August 14, 1899. Afterwards, chief Rocky Boy was contacted by chief Day Child who needed needed his help. They had to leave the Reservation land ceded. That was in 1901. Chief Rocky Boy led them to southwest Montana where Anaconda and Butte is. That land area had yet to be ceded. It has the land area number 398. A year later, chief Rocky Boy led them north back to the land area with the number 399.
After the fraudulent August 14, 1899 Treaty or Agreement, Crow Reservation was greatly diminished. All land west of Little Bighorn River and the northern part of Crow Reservation to Yellowstone River, was ceded. Today, Crow Reservation covers a little over 1,000 sq. mi. That's a little over 640,000 acres. It's slightly larger than Northern Cheyenne Reservation. Below is a google earth map i drew of the correct boundaries of Crow Reservation. However, that part of Crow Reservation from Pryor Creek to the southwestern portion of Crow Reservation then east to Bighorn River, then west to Gardiner, Montana then north to Livingston, Montana, then east following the Yellowstone River to where Pryor Creek merges with it, remains a part of chief Rocky Boy's Crow Reservation. It was never ceded.